Английский язык - база заданий (65)

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Документ Word; TimesNewRoman 14, межстрочный интервал 1.5

I. Выберите правильный вариант:

A)

1) The TV broke down while we … the news. (watched, was watching, were watching)

2) … you … to go home now? (have wanted, do want, did want)

3) She … to London next week. (went, will go, go)

B)

1) Cosmic radiation … influenced by some phenomena of nature. (is, were, shall be)

2) New electronic devices … dealt with in this article. (was, are, is)

3) The use of color television … spoken about in the next article. (is, was, will be) ;

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Документ Word; TimesNewRoman 14, межстрочный интервал 1.5

II. Перепишите и переведите следующие предложения на русский язык. Помните, что объектный и субъектный инфинитивные обороты соответствуют придаточным предложениям.

1) He pretends not to understand my words.

2) They were the last to leave.

3) She was so inattentive to notice the mistake.

4) It’s difficult for me to read English technical texts.

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Документ Word; TimesNewRoman 14, межстрочный интервал 1.5

III. Перепишите и переведите предложения на русский язык. Обратите внимание на перевод зависимого и независимого причастных оборотов.

1) The man sitting by the window came From London yesterday.

2) While discharging the ship we found a few broken cases.

3) When drawing up a contract for the sale of goods it is necessary to give a detailed description of the goods.

4) Having plenty of time we decided to walk to the station.

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Документ Word; TimesNewRoman 14, межстрочный интервал 1.5

IV. Перепишите и переведите на русский язык следующие предложения. Обратите внимание на перевод условных предложений.

1) We can deliver the machine in December if we receive your order within the next ten days.

2) If your instructions had been received a week ago, the goods would have been shipped yesterday.

3) If we received the documents tomorrow, we should start loading the goods on Monday.

4) If I saw my friend tomorrow, I should ask him about it.

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Документ Word; TimesNewRoman 14, межстрочный интервал 1.5

V. Прочитайте и письменно переведите текст на русский язык.

So What Is Engineering?

The engineering industry makes most of the things that are essential and useful: aerospace, cars, hospital equipment, telecommunications and even the humble kettle. Engineering also makes most of the things other industries need from cash dispensers and electronic mail for the banking industry to microphones and staging for the entertainment industry. In the production of everything from chocolates to the Channel Tunnel, the key individuals are the engineers. It’s an industry that still contributes significantly to the wealth of the UK, the very diverse manufacturing industry sector alone generates around a third of the national wealth and employs approximately 32 percent of the working.

In recent years, engineering has change out of all recognition. The sheer speed of change in many manufacturing technologies is starting. Thanks to introduction of computers and new technologies like Virtual Reality, people are more in control than ever. This also means the engineering employers are looking for people with a wider range of skills and personalities: from lone-theorists to more gregarious and practical individual; from managers who can handle people, lead teams and solve problems, to creative designers with a keen sense of market realities. Engineering needs them all – women as well as men.

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VI. Письменно ответьте на следующие вопросы по тексту:

1) What kinds of things does engineering make?

2) How can engineering be used in banking industry?

3) What characteristics do employers follow while choosing specialists?

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Документ Word; TimesNewRoman 14, межстрочный интервал 1.5

Перепишите следующие предложения, определите в каждом из них видовременную форму и залог глагола-сказуемого. Переведите предложение на русский язык.

1. When much material had been looked through and some problems had been solved, the article was published.

2. Electric cars will be widely used in future.

3. Today plastics are being applied for car bodies.

4. This lecturer is listened to with great interest.

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Документ Word; TimesNewRoman 14, межстрочный интервал 1.5

Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на значения слов it, that, one.

1. It is proved that light needs time to travel any distance.

2. One must take part in scientific work.

3. Specialists consider that in future city transport will reject gasoline.

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Документ Word; TimesNewRoman 14, межстрочный интервал 1.5

Перепишите предложения и переведите их на русский язык, помня о разных значениях глаголов to be, to have, to do.

1. You have to come to the language laboratory of the Institute to work at your pronunciation.

2. This material does not possess elastic properties.

3. Scientists had to create new materials for industry.

4. The exam was to start in the morning.

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Документ Word; TimesNewRoman 14, межстрочный интервал 1.5

Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на бессоюзное подчинение.

1. We know electricity produces heat.

2. The new materials the Soviet chemists developed were used in space technology.

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